What is type approval?
Type Approval or Certificate of Conformity is granted to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safety requirements. Generally, type approval is required before a product is allowed to be sold in a particular country, so the requirements for a given product will vary around the world.
Each countries that regulates communications requires all types of equipment, and especially radio communications equipment, that are not specifically exempted (by reason of low power output, for instance) to be tested for conformance to local regulations before it is approved for use in that countries. Such conformance might include power and noise characteristics, use of permitted frequencies only, frequency stability, and various other electrical parameters.
Certificate of Conformity, Conformance or Compliance
Type approval is a regulatory function that allows an equipment to be certified to have met basic or minimum technical and safety requirements so as to guarantee its usefulness and also to safeguard the consumer’s interest. For the purpose of these guidelines electromagnetic compatibility must also be assured. In particular, for example within the telecom’s sector, Type approval further:
Protects consumers from products that are non – compatible with the local telecommunications network, and ensures that the operating frequency of all radio communication equipment is as per the frequency spectrum allocation and that no harmful interference is caused to essential services and licensed service providers.
The Type Approval Policy will apply to all RTTE manufactured or imported in a respected country and needs to be checked and/or tested against that policy. Only when the results comply with the policy, a type approval certificate will be issued so that the product can be imported and marketed in that market.
The Type Approval Policy may vary from country to country and it covers all types of Radio Equipment and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment. Such equipment is referred to collectively herein as Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (“RTTE”).